Round-offs are used to add momentum and power to the skills performed.
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A full-twisting layout is an advanced skill for gymnasts because it incorporates flipping and rotating simultaneously. A layout requires the body to be extended completely while flipping upside down. A full-twist requires a 360-degree rotation of the body. Learning a full-twisting layout demands proficiency in a back layout. Back layouts are often performed in a tumbling pass not uncommonly preceded by a round-off back handspring.
Body awareness helps you execute a full twist in the air. To practice, you should align your body on the long axis. The long axis is the imaginary line that runs through the center of your body from head to toe. Begin with your feet together and arms stretched over your head. Keep your arms pressed against your ears. Jump and do a full turn. The goal is to land exactly how you started with your arms over your head, feet together and your body straight and tight. Practicing this form helps prevent you from getting directionally lost in the air. If you struggle with a full turn, try a half turn until your form is proper throughout the drill.
Trampolines increase the height you gain with less exertion. For gymnasts learning difficult moves, this enables them to focus more on form and execution without exerting all of their power, and it also gives them a safer surface to land on. Gymnasts often begin learning to twist with a back handspring. Back handsprings place your body in a vertical position midway through the motion, similar to a layout. A back handspring without using your hands is a whipback. Try a whipback, adding a half-twist when your body becomes vertical midway. Then build up to a full twist, always noting your form.
Twisting on the Floor Apparatus
Gymnasts must be proficient in a back layout before their coaches consider allowing them to attempt a full twist. If a gymnast is proficient then she has correct form and enough height throughout the layout. Having air awareness helps gymnasts who can get lost while twisting and flipping. In order to have air awareness, you need enough height, which lengthens the time you are in the air, and practice twisting with proper form. After learning a back layout, a gymnast can incorporate twists. Using additional matting on the floor exercise, the gymnast can first attempt a half twist. Depending on the gymnast, half twists may be more difficult because of the blind landing. A gymnast can then attempt a full twist if her half-twisting layouts are comfortable.
A full-twisting layout is a complex skill and requires the coaching of a professional. Never attempt this skill unsupervised. Trampolines add more height to your flips than the floor apparatus so attention to speed and power helps prevent low landings or incomplete rotations.